The UEFA Fair Play Competition, which was introduced in the 1993/94
season gives three countries the chance to enter an additional club in
the 1st qualifying round of the Europa League. UEFA maintains a ranking
list based on all national and club matches played between May 1 and Apr
30 (in the past this period was June 1 to May 31) in all UEFA
competitions except the UEFA Regions Cup.
From 2016 on winners of the UEFA Fair Play competition no longer qualify
for the Europa League. Instead the winning associations are being awarded
prize money to allocate to fair play or respect-themed projects.
From 2009 on the three places in the UEFA Europa League will automatically go to
the three best-placed associations in the ranking, provided they achieve 8
points or more. Before 2009 only the association that topped the ranking
automaticly qualified for a UEFA Cup place. All associations which achieved an
average of 8 points or more went into a draw to determine the other two places.
The three Europa League places go to the club which won the domestic fair
play competition. For this purpose each association maintains a
ranking list based on matches in the national league and cup. If the
winner already qualified for one of the UEFA competitions the next
club on the domestic fair play ranking gets the Europa League place. Before
1999 the 3 Fair Play Cup places were not awarded to specific teams as
not each country had it's own Fair Play competition.
List of qualifiers through the Fair Play Competition
FK Bodø/Glimt (Norway)
Tulevik Viljandi (Estonia)
1998: England, Finland and Norway
1997: Norway, England and Sweden
1996: Sweden, Russia and Finland
1995: Norway, England and Luxembourg
The Fair Play coefficient is based on criteria such as positive play,
respect for opponents and the referee, the behaviour of team officials
and supporters as well as cautions and dismissals. The highest mark
that can be awarded is ten points. For each association the
assessements of all the matches are added together and then divided by
the number of matches. Only associations that played a reasonable
amount of matches are considered. This number is determined by
dividing the total number of matches of all associations by the
number of associations.
The fair play conduct is assessed by the appointed UEFA match
delegate. Following the game he has to complete a Fair Play
assessement form in consultation with the referee and the referee
On the assessement form are six criteria:
Red and yellow cards: max 10 points
Deduction from a maximum of 10 points: yellow card = 1 point, red card = 3 points.
Two times yellow equals red, but yellow + direct red = 4 points deduction. The
total of this aspect may become negative.
Positive play: minimum 1 point, maximum 10 points
Positive aspects: attacking tactics, acceleration of the game, efforts to gain time,
and continued pursuit of goals. Negative aspects: deceleration of the game, time-wasting,
tactics based on foul-play, play-acting, etc. In general terms positive play correlates
with the numer of goal-scoring chances created and the number of goals scored.
Respect of the opponent: minimum 1 point, maximum 5 points
Assessement should be based on positive attitudes (e.g. helping an injured opponent)
rather than infringements. Double counting against the item "red and yellow cards"
should be avoided. Blameless behaviour, but without any particularly positive attitude,
should be assessed with a mark 4 rather than 5.
Respect of the referee: minimum 1 point, maximum 5 points
A positive attitude towards the referee (and assistant referees), including the
acceptance of doubtful decisions without protest, should be rewarded. Double counting
against the item "red and yellow cards" should be avoided. Normal behaviour, but without
any particularly positive attitude, should be assessed with a mark 4 rather than 5.
Behaviour of team officials: minimum 1 point, maximum 5 points
Postive and negative aspects of the behaviour of team officials should be assessed.
E.g. whether they calm or provoke angry players or fans, how they accept the referee's
decisions, etc. Co-operation with the media should also be considered as a factor.
Blameless behaviour, but without any particularly positive attitude, should be assessed
with a mark 4 rather than 5.
Behaviour of the crowd: minimum 1 point, maximum 5 points
Encouragement of teams by shouting, singing, etc. may have a positive influence
on the atmosphere. The spectators are, however, expected to respect the opposing
team and the referee. The should appreciate the performance of the opposition even
if they emerge as the winners. The must in no way intimidate or frighten the opposing
team, the referee, or opposing supporters. This item is applicable only if a substantial
number of fans of the team concerned are present.
Add all points of the individual components, dividing this total
by the maximum number of points, and multiplying the result by 10.
The maximum number of points per game generally equals 40. If,
however, the team is being supported by a negligible amount of
fans, the maximum is 35.
The general assessement should be calculated to three decimal
points and not rounded up.