The basis for the UEFA coefficients is the performance of teams in the
European Cups during a five year period.
During that period each team gets two points for a win and one point
for a draw (see below for matches in qualifying rounds).
In addition one bonus point is allocated for reaching the quarter
final, the semi final and the final.
Qualification for the group-stage of the Champions League is awarded
with 4 bonus points (from 2004-2009: 3 bonus points, from 1995-2004: 1
point, before 1995: 2 points).
Qualification for the first knock-out round of the Champions League
yields 5 bonus points (from 2004-2009: 1 bonus point, before 2004: no
UEFA Country Ranking
For the calculation of the country ranking, points in qualification
matches are halved: one point for a win and half a point for a draw.
Before 1999 the usual two points for a win and one point for a draw were
also used in qualifying rounds.
The so-called UEFA coefficients are calculated by taking an average,
based on the total number of points divided by the total number of teams
of each country.
See the country coefficients of
2012 for an example of such a calculation.
The UEFA country ranking is computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in
the last 5 years.
See the country ranking of
2012 for an example of such a ranking list.
To determine the participants in the Champions League and the Europa League
the last year ranking is used, because each country should know at the
start of the season how many places it disposes.
UEFA Club Ranking
The most recent club ranking is used for seeding of clubs for draws in the Champions
League and the Europa League. For the club ranking the match results in qualifying
rounds do not count.
Since 2018 qualifying rounds and play-offs of the Champions League are no longer
rewarded with points because all eliminated clubs get a second chance in the Europa
League. Clubs who are eliminated in the first rounds of the Europa League are rewarded
with a number of points based on the reached (qualifying) round:
From 2009 till 2018 the qualification for the Champions League and the Europa League
was rewarded with a number of points based on the reached qualifying round. The 3rd
and 4th qualifying round of the Champions League were not rewarded with points because
losing teams qualifed for the next stage in the Europa League.
These qualification points are not cumulative. The group stage of the Champions League
is already rewarded with bonus points (see above). The points for the group stage of
the Europa League are a minimum and will not be added to the points obtained during
the group stage. So, all participating teams get at least some qualification or bonus
Since 2018 the UEFA club ranking is computed by the sum of club points in the
last 5 years, with a minimum of 20% of the country ranking. For the distribution
of revenue there is also a 10-year ranking that includes historic title points:
Last 5 years
Before 2018 the UEFA team coefficients were calculated as the sum of the
number of points of each individual team, and 20% of the country coefficient.
From 2004-2008 the contribution of the country coefficient was 33%,
and before 2004 the contribution of the country coefficient was 50%.
The UEFA team ranking was then computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in the
last 5 years.
Before 1999 a number of strong teams in the UEFA Cup were seeded
such that those teams do not meet in the first two rounds.
To determine these teams,
the sum of the ratio of the number of points achieved, divided by
the number of games played by each team, was calculated for the past
cteams = number of teams per country,
tpoints = number of points per team (team coefficient method),
tmatches = number of matches per team, and
cpoints = number of points per country (country coefficient method).
ccoef = country coefficient per year,
crank = country ranking over 5 years,
tcoef = team coefficient per year, and
trank = team ranking over 5 years.